Instrumentation in A).bcl.2.cbsn - 4.3.2.btrbn.1 - timp(5) - perc(3) - strings


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Programme Notes

Night Owl (2018) for orchestra was commissioned by Susan and David Goode for the Virginia
Symphony Orchestra, JoAnn Falletta, Music Director. The three-movement work is 20 minutes in
length. Special thanks to the O. Winston Link Museum in Roanoke, Virginia for their assistance in
this project. The composer writes:
Night Owl for orchestra is inspired by the masterful, nocturnal photography and sound recordings
by O. Winston Link (1914-2001), who chronicled the last days of steam locomotive powered trains
from 1955 to 1960 in the United States and the Norfolk and Western line.
In Shutterspeed, I reflect on the technical world of O. Winston Link’s photography and my passion
for the medium. With an arsenal of flashbulbs, power generators, tripods and Rolleiflex cameras,
he drove his 1952 Buick through the rugged backwoods of the Appalachian Mountains in search of
perfect locations. Once discovered, O. Winston Link created meticulously composed photos, which
often would take him days to prepare and execute. Since the majority of his panoramic black-andwhite
photographs of trains were taken outdoors in remote areas and at night, Link developed a
unique and complex system of timed flash photography. This allowed him to simultaneously trigger
hundreds of lightbulbs to dramatically capture the intricate machinery and steam plumes of the
locomotive at the just the right moment. Keeping shutter speed, aperture and focus in mind, I have
generated dramatic music in the first movement with the same precision as if taking photographs
with my Leica camera.
In the second movement, entitled Solitude, Virginia, I focus on O. Winston Link’s photographs of the
people who lived in the small, sleepy Appalachian railroad towns and whose lives were intertwined
with the railroad: the train signalman and conductor; the shop owner; the farm couple; the
teenagers at the drive-in movie theater or the swimming pool. I have composed nostalgic music,
which, like the photographs of O. Winston Link, remind the listener of an era long gone. The night
music begins softly with intimate horn, oboe and clarinet, solos accompanied by bells from the
church tower and bluesy strings. Suddenly out of nowhere, boisterous trombones and timpani
interrupt the musical proceedings like a massive steam locomotive rolling into town down Main
Street. After the train slowly disappears out of sight, the opening night music returns, featuring
mellow solos from the tuba, trumpet and bass clarinet as the town goes back to sleep.
In addition to his iconic photographs, O. Winston Link also made audio recordings of steam powered
trains, which were issued on six vinyl records during his lifetime. Link believed that “the train is as
close to a human being as you can get. It talks, it moves, it grunts and groans.” In final movement,
Thunder on Blue Ridge, I translate the sights and sounds of O. Winston Link’s steam-powered trains
into a stomping barn yard romp. A pulsating snare drum groove, like the clicking sounds of a
locomotive thundering down the tracks, is punctuated by a train bell, harmonica and strings playing
“behind the bridge”. A catchy Appalachian-like tune, first played by the woodwinds, is developed
and transformed through an array of kaleidoscopic orchestrations and polymetric counterpoints. After a series of virtuosic instrumental interludes, my musical train rumbles to its final destination.”
-- Michael Daugherty

Night Owl

Ivanhoe Girls' Grammar School (Melbourne, VIC, Australia)

Christopher Kopke, Heidelberg Symphony Orchestra