Facsimile study score 0-571-50637-2 on sale, parts on special sale from the Hire Library

Programme Notes

Cantata was begun at Tanglewood, Massachusetts, in July 1975 and completed in London in October 1977. During this long period I was trying to as it were define my musical space – a time of considerable frustration and little completed work – exploring the harmonic areas I had stumbled upon when composing the first part of my Third Symphony (1973-79). The three pieces which eventually emerged, Autumnal for violin and piano Op 14, Sonya’s Lullaby for piano Op 16 and the present Cantata Op 15, form a sort of mini-trilogy, all being on one level abstract pieces concerned with harmonic coherence, and on another level intimate, diary-like expressions. Autumnal is tense, compressed and detailed. Cantata is consciously more relaxed and lyrical, but also quite compact – a single movement playing for about ten minutes. The title was arrived at after noticing that the relationships between the various episodes reminded me of the interdependence of recitatives and more-or-less self-contained numbers in some 18th-century solo cantatas, an impression reinforced by the predominance of the oboe. A slow introductory section proceeds, via a sequence of quasi-developmental episodes, towards a wild climactic passage featuring an elaborately ornamented (almost oriental) oboe line over manic violin and cello pizzicati. There follows an extended coda, in which the opening oboe melody reappears in altered form over a gently rocking repeated figure in the strings. Although essentially abstract, the work is certainly subjective, which fact may encourage the listener to let the music evoke whatever personal imagery it may contain.

© Oliver Knussen


Late-night chamber concert

Helsinki Music Centre (Helsinki, Finland)

Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra/Petri Aarnio/Jouko Laivuori/Joshua Kail/Miika Uuksulainen