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Programme Notes

Étude No. 1 (1995) This is a short two-part polymetric invention, written for Sally Cavender’s birthday. It is centred around the pitch C, with varying amounts of accidentals colouring the modal field.

Étude no. 2 (1995) This takes as its basic premise the black notes of the piano – that is, the pentatonic mode. This is coloured by varying numbers of white notes, and later on by transposition into many registers of the piano. The rhythmic writing works with the idea of implied metres and speeds, sometimes several in each hand. This piece was the earliest sketch for material which was later used more elaborately in my orchestral piece The Stations of the Sun.

Étude No.3 ('Pour les Arpèges Composées') (1997/8) The étude is a double homage to Debussy and to Benjamin Britten. Britten’s Diversions for piano and orchestra is one of a number of his works employing recurring interval cycles based upon fourths and fifths. Connecting this device in the Diversions with Debussy’s not unrelated Etude pour les Arpèges Composées provided the trigger for this étude, which quotes neither work whilst alluding to both. I have employed circles of fourths, fifths, and used both intervals to encircle other constellations of changing modes and harmonies. Both hands are in mensural canon for much of the piece, which results in hemiolas and cross-phasing of the harmonic rhythm. This étude is dedicated to the artist Tom Phillips on the occasion of his fiftieth birthday; a line from his book ‘Humument’ reflects the maritime calm of the music: “By and by, out of the white horizon, the long, low sea.” The piece was commissioned by Stephen Gutman with funds provided by Dartington Summer Arts.

Julian Anderson

Piano Études Nos. 1-3

Also: Tombeau

Jordan Hall, New England Conservatory (Boston, MA, USA)

Stephen Drury, Callithumpian Consort, Jennifer Ashe

Piano Études Nos. 1-3

Milton Court, Guildhall School of Music and Drama (London, United Kingdom)

Clare Hammond

Piano Études Nos. 1-3

(Etude No. 2 only)

Guildhall School of Music and Drama (London, United Kingdom)

Robert Reid Allan

Piano Études Nos. 1-3

Kleiner Saal, Elbphilharmonie (Hamburg, Germany)

Cédric Tiberghien

Piano Études Nos. 1-3

1pm

Wigmore Hall (London, United Kingdom)

Cédric Tiberghien, Mark Simpson, Claire Booth, Paul Silverthorne, Adam Walker, Thomas Gould, Aurora Orchestra, Nicholas Collon

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